Country needs to strengthen technical education

Good article on a typical inefficient department (think; the vocational training version of 5 sheets of zinc and a pig) funded by a 2% surcharge on all reported payroll:

Each year around 55,000 graduating high school students from public schools, but only 35,000 are admitted to universities.

INATEC failing.

The National Technological Institute (Inatec), for example, continues to invest two percent (of payroll) from private companies in careers that do not respond to the demands of the business sector.

During 2013, 980 million Cordobas was collected and of that amount only 69 million Cordobas was used for business courses, 910 million Cordobas being used in different ways: half for Inatec Management and the other half in several courses that are not necessarily linked to what companies need.

The enrollment in Inatec courses in 2012 was 7,000 students, while the Universities Union showed a combined 100,000 students in the ten campuses that they represent.

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Thanks for the stats, Juanno!


The article doesn’t seem to highlight all the actual programs that are low demand or useless, nor tout those, by name, that are needed, etc. I don’t know how INATEC works (their website doesn’t load for me here), or what the entrance and graduation requirements are for their programs. This is important data though, as is whatever might explain a developing country with 35,000 of the 55,000 students going to University (if I have that right). INATEC sounds as “public” as an institution can be, and that coupled with these numbers mean is cannot likely be terribly rigorous (which means it will have a stigma when compared to other options). It is not a direct or perhaps all that fair comparison, but entrance scores in public and private universities in C.A. are very different. The same is true per public Universities and most technical institutes – VERY different. On top of this, any time there is a push to make education more “public” or more “open to all”, the average entrance exam score tend to take another dive. El Salvador saw this again (as have most neighboring countries at some recent point) when it was revealed the 2011 entrance scores were pushing 30% lower than those of 2001 – and few people bragged about the 2001 scores, until now (similar things in Honduras not that long ago, where so many students outright failed the basic entrance exam, rioting followed and the scores upscaled). If an institution mostly attracts third tier students, and is pressured to graduate them into the marketplace, it is fairly common for the academic programs to sound loftier than they really are, and for them to be far less pragmatic than they seem.