To me, this is an issue that is the base of many other issues for Nicaraguans. As an example, in areas where people cook with wood, the typical approach is to pretty much cut down trees nearby then continue moving other to seek more wood sources. The alternative would be to prune local trees and then trees further away so the local source would continue to produce.
I don't think this just the way it is but, rather, learned behavior. There are many people who manage to live through subsistance farming. That requires planning such as saving seed for the next crop. So, why does this happen?
My theory is that as handouts increase, it gets added to the culture. That is, handouts become expected rather than something that helps build a sustainable future. Our help is actually building more dependence.
If we want to help Nicaraguans build their future we need to evaluate our help carefully. We need to look for things we can do that builds independence. What I don't know is how to do that. I know a lot of overhead to build a master plan and carefully evaluate projects is not the soluiton. (I think the Soviets proved that.) Any ideas?