Zetas or Sinaloa?
Insight Crime has an article specifically about the drug routes of the Zetas and Sinaloa cartel through Guatemala. It offers some interesting thinking material on the whole trafficing business in Central America.
The map in the article shows all three drug routes exiting Guatemala for Mexico. No surprise there. What probably should not be a surprise but at least I had never thought about is that the drugs enter Guatemala from three countries: Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. As Nicaragua shares a border with Honduras and only a short trip across the Gulf of Fonseca from Nicaragua, it raises the question about how much of the traffic is by sea or air vs. crossing Nicaraguan land.
As set out by an 2011 InSight Crime investigation, the Zetas have been operating in Guatemala since 2007, seeking the huge profits available from controlling drug trafficking routes through the Central American nation, and fleeing a crackdown by Mexican authorities.
Since then the group has turned Guatemala into one of its primary areas of operation, using its characteristic aggressive expansionist tactics, and employing brutal measures to gain control over territory.
This information shows Guatemala as a victim in the pipeline from South America to the US. Shortly after taking office a year ago, Guatemalan President Perez called for legalization of drugs in Guatemala to get Guatemala out of this war. Costa Rican President Laura Chinchilla supported this idea of legalizing drugs in Central America, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega did not.