Ideas transferable to Nicaragua
"GOVERNMENTS typically use two tools to encourage citizens to engage in civic behavior like paying their taxes, driving safely or recycling their garbage: exhortation and fines. These efforts are often ineffective. . . Rewarding good behavior can work.
". . . many people love lotteries. . . in mainland China, lotteries are used for tax compliance. China has a thriving cash economy, and it is common for small businesses like restaurants to evade paying sales tax. To combat this behavior, the government printed up special receipts that are supposed to be given to restaurant customers when they pay. Cleverly, each receipt includes a scratch-off lottery ticket, giving customers an incentive to ask for a receipt.
"In using lotteries to motivate it is important to get the details right. . . One of the Dutch government lotteries is based on postal codes. If your postal code is announced as the winner, you know that you would have won had you only bought a ticket. The idea is to play on people’s feelings of regret.
"Lotteries are just one way to provide positive reinforcement. Their power comes from the fact that the chance of winning the prize is overvalued.
"The moral here is simple. If governments want to encourage good citizenship, they should try making the desired behavior more fun."
sliced from NY Times, Feb 13, 2012, 'Making Good Citizenship Fun', by Richard H.Thaler, a professor of economics and behavioral science at the University of Chicago, is co-author of “Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness.”